Frequently Asked Questions About Dihydrogen Monoxide (DHMO)
What is Dihydrogen Monoxide?
Dihydrogen Monoxide (DHMO) is a colorless and odorless chemical compound,
also referred to by some as Dihydrogen Oxide, Hydrogen Hydroxide,
Hydronium Hydroxide, or simply Hydric acid.
Its basis is the highly reactive hydroxyl radical, a species shown to mutate
DNA, denature proteins, disrupt cell membranes, and chemically alter critical
neurotransmitters. The atomic components of DHMO are found in a number of caustic, explosive
and poisonous compounds such as Sulfuric Acid, Nitroglycerine and Ethyl
For more detailed information, including precautions, disposal
procedures and storage requirements, refer to one of the Material Safety Data
Sheets (MSDS) available for DHMO:
Yes, you should be concerned about DHMO! Although the U.S. Government and
the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) do not classify
Dihydrogen Monoxide as a toxic or
carcinogenic substance (as it does with better known chemicals such as
hydrochloric acid and benzene), DHMO is a constituent of many known toxic
substances, diseases and disease-causing agents, environmental hazards
and can even be lethal to humans in quantities as small as a thimbleful.
Research conducted by award-winning U.S. scientist Nathan Zohner
concluded that roughly 86 percent of the population supports a
ban on dihydrogen monoxide. Although his results are
preliminary, Zohner believes people need to
pay closer attention to the information presented to them regarding
He adds that if more people knew the truth about DHMO
then studies like the one he conducted would not be necessary.
A similar study conducted by U.S. researchers
Patrick K. McCluskey and Matthew Kulick also found
that nearly 90 percent of the citizens participating
in their study were willing to sign a petition
to support an outright ban on the use of
Dihydrogen Monoxide in the United
Why haven't I heard about Dihydrogen Monoxide before?
Good question. Historically, the dangers of DHMO, for the most part, have
been considered minor and manageable. While the more significant dangers
of Dihydrogen Monoxide
are currently addressed by a number of agencies including FDA,
FEMA and CDC, public awareness of the real and daily dangers of
Dihydrogen Monoxide is
lower than some think it should be.
Critics of government often cite the fact that many politicians and
others in public office do not consider Dihydrogen Monoxide
to be a "politically beneficial"
cause to get behind, and so the public suffers from a lack of reliable
information on just what DHMO
is and why they should be concerned.
Part of the blame lies with the public and society at large. Many do
not take the time to understand
Dihydrogen Monoxide, and what it means to their lives
and the lives of their families.
Unfortunately, the dangers of DHMO have increased as world population
has increased, a fact that the raw numbers and careful research both bear
out. Now more than ever, it is important to be aware of just what the dangers
of Dihydrogen Monoxide are and how we can all
reduce the risks faced by ourselves and
What are some of the dangers associated with DHMO?
Each year, Dihydrogen Monoxide
is a known causative component in many thousands of deaths
and is a major contributor to millions upon millions of dollars in damage
to property and the environment. Some of the known perils of Dihydrogen
Death due to accidental inhalation of DHMO, even in small quantities.
Prolonged exposure to solid DHMO causes severe tissue damage.
Excessive ingestion produces a number of unpleasant though not typically
DHMO is a major component of acid rain.
Gaseous DHMO can cause severe burns.
Contributes to soil erosion.
Leads to corrosion and oxidation of many metals.
Contamination of electrical systems often causes short-circuits.
Exposure decreases effectiveness of automobile brakes.
Found in biopsies of pre-cancerous tumors and lesions.
Given to vicious dogs involved in recent deadly attacks.
Often associated with killer cyclones in the U.S. Midwest and elsewhere, and
in hurricanes including deadly storms in Florida, New Orleans and other areas of
the southeastern U.S.
Thermal variations in DHMO are a suspected contributor
to the El Nino weather effect.
What are some uses of Dihydrogen Monoxide?
Despite the known dangers of DHMO, it continues to be used daily by industry,
government, and even in private homes across the U.S. and worldwide. Some
of the well-known uses of Dihydrogen Monoxide are:
as an industrial solvent and coolant,
in nuclear power plants,
by the U.S. Navy in the propulsion systems of some older
by elite athletes to improve performance,
in the production of Styrofoam,
in biological and chemical weapons manufacture,
in the development of genetically engineering crops and animals,
as a spray-on fire suppressant and retardant,
in so-called "family planning" or "reproductive health" clinics,
as a major ingredient in many home-brewed bombs,
as a byproduct of hydrocarbon combustion in furnaces
and air conditioning compressor operation,
in cult rituals,
by the Church of Scientology on their members and their members' families
(although surprisingly, many members recently have contacted DHMO.org to
vehemently deny such use),
by both the KKK and the NAACP during rallies and marches,
by members of Congress who are under investigation for financial corruption and
inappropriate IM behavior,
by the semi-divine King Bhumibol of Thailand and his many devoted young
working girls in Bangkok,
by the British Chiropractic Association and the purveyors of the bogus
treatments that the BCA promotes,
by commodities giant Trafigura in their well-publicized and widely-known
toxic-waste dumping activities in Ivory Coast,
in animal research laboratories, and
in pesticide production and distribution.
What you may find surprising are some of the products and places where
DHMO is used, but which for one reason or another, are not normally made
part of public presentations on the dangers to the lives of our family
members and friends. Among these startling uses are:
as an additive to food products, including jarred baby food and baby formula, and even in many soups, carbonated beverages and supposedly "all-natural" fruit juices
in cough medicines and other liquid pharmaceuticals,
in spray-on oven cleaners,
in shampoos, shaving creams, deodorants and numerous other bathroom products,
in bathtub bubble products marketed to children,
as a preservative in grocery store fresh produce sections,
in the production of beer by all the major beer distributors,
in the coffee available at major coffee houses in the US and abroad,
in Formula One race cars, although its use is regulated by
the Formula One Racing Commission, and
as a target of ongoing NASA planetary and stellar research.
One of the most surprising facts recently revealed about Dihydrogen Monoxide
is in its use as a food and produce "decontaminant." Studies have shown
that even after careful washing, food and produce that has been contaminated
by DHMO remains tainted by DHMO.
What is the link between Dihydrogen Monoxide and school violence?
A recent stunning revelation is that in every single
instance of violence in our country's schools, including
infamous shootings in high schools in Denver and
Arkansas, Dihydrogen Monoxide was involved. In fact, DHMO is often
very available to students of all ages within the
assumed safe confines of school buildings. None of
the school administrators with which we spoke could
say for certain how much of the substance is in use
within their very
How does Dihydrogen Monoxide toxicity affect
kidney dialysis patients?
Unfortunately, DHMO overdose is not unheard of in patients
undergoing dialysis treatments for kidney failure. Dihydrogen Monoxide
overdose in these patients can result in congestive heart
failure, pulmonary edema and hypertension. In spite of
the danger of accidental overdose and the inherent
toxicity of DHMO in large quantities for this group,
there is a portion of the dialysis treated
population that continues to use DHMO on a regular basis.
Are there groups that oppose a ban on Dihydrogen Monoxide?
In spite of overwhelming evidence,
there is one group in California that
opposes a ban on Dihydrogen Monoxide. The
of Hydrogen Hydroxide is a group that believes that the
dangers of DHMO have been exaggerated. Members claim
that Dihydrogen Monoxide, or the less emotionally charged and more
chemically accurate term they advocate for it, "Hydrogen
Hydroxide," is beneficial, environmentally safe, benign
and naturally occurring. They argue that efforts to ban
DHMO are misguided.
Friends of Hydrogen Hydroxide is supported by the
Scorched Earth Party, a radical and loosely-organized
California-based group. Sources close to the Scorched
Earth Party deny any outside funding from government,
industry or pro-industry PACs.
Has the press ignored this web site and
the Dihydrogen Monoxide problem?
For the most part, the press has not reported on the dangers
of Dihydrogen Monoxide as much as some would like. Although
many private individuals have put up web sites in a major
grassroots effort to spread the word, major publications
Recently, attention has been paid to the subject thanks to
an incident in Aliso Viejo, California. This so-called Aliso
Viejo Incident was widely reported in the media, although the director
of DHMO.org, Dr. Tom Way, was called a "prankster." Once the
Associated Press started circulating the story, it became fact, and
the valuable information being provided by the DHMO.org website was
deemed to be "rubbish" rather than an honest and unbiased recounting
of facts about a dangerous, life-endangering chemical compound.
If you are a member of the press, you may access our online
Press Kit. See the
main page for access information.
This resource is for members of the press only.
Is it true that using DHMO improves athletic performance?
Absolutely! With the numerous allegations of amateur and
professional athletes using anabolic steroids and/or
blood doping to enhance performance,
virtually no attention has been paid to the performance
enhancing properties of Dihydrogen Monoxide. It is perhaps the sporting
world's dirtiest of dirty little secrets that athletes
regularly ingest large quantities of DHMO in an effort to gain a
competitive edge over an opponent.
One technique commonly used by endurance athletes in
sports such as distance running and cycling is to take
a large amount of DHMO immediately prior to a race.
This is known within racing circles to dramatically
Sports-medicine physicians warn that ingesting
too much Dihydrogen Monoxide can lead to complications and unwanted
side-effects, but do acknowledge the link to
improved performance. DHMO is not currently considered
a banned substance, so post-race urine tests do not
detect elevated or abnormal levels of DHMO.
Can using DHMO improve my marriage?
This is a popular myth, but one which is also actually
supported by a number of scientific facts. Dihydrogen Monoxide plays
an instrumental role in the centers of the brain
associated with feelings of emotional attachment and love. Married couples have
found that regular ingestion of DHMO can improve their marriage-related
activities, while couples that never ingest DHMO often find that their marriage
suffers as well.
What are the symptoms of accidental Dihydrogen Monoxide
You may not always recognize that you have been a victim of accidental
DHMO overdose, so here are some signs and symptoms to look for. If you
suspect Dihydrogen Monoxide
overdose, or if you exhibit any of these symptoms, you should
consult with your physician or medical practitioner. The data
presented here is provided for informational purposes only, and
should in no way be construed as medical advice of any sort.
Watch for these symptoms:
Hyponatremia (serum hypotonicity)
Dangerously imbalanced levels of ECF and ICF in the blood
Degeneration of sodium homeostasis
A recently noted medical phenomenon involves small amounts of DHMO leaking
or oozing from the corners of the eyes as a direct result of causes such
as foreign particulate irritation, allergic reactions including anaphylactic
shock, and sometimes severe chemical depression.
What is a chemical analysis of Dihydrogen Monoxide
Recently, German analytical chemist
Christoph von Bueltzingsloewen at the Universitaet Regensburg
identified what may be key reasons why the dangers of DHMO are
ever present. According to von Bueltzingsloewen, the
chemical separation of dihydrogenoxide from the hazardous
oxygendihydride is extremely difficult. The two similar
compounds curiously occur in nearly equimolar distribution
wherever they are found. It is not clear how the two
contribute directly to the dangers inherent in Dihydrogen Monoxide,
although von Bueltzingsloewen believes that a synergetic
mechanism, catalyzed by traces of hydrogenhydroxide, plays
a major role.
What can I do to minimize the risks?
Fortunately, there is much you can do to minimize your dangers due to
exposure. First, use common sense. Whenever you are dealing with
any product or food that you feel may be contaminated with DHMO, evaluate
the relative danger to you and your family, and act accordingly. Keep in
mind that in many instances, low-levels of Dihydrogen Monoxide
contamination are not dangerous,
and in fact, are virtually unavoidable. Remember, the responsibility
for your safety and the safety of your family lies with you.
Second, exercise caution when there is the potential for accidental
inhalation or ingestion of DHMO. If you feel uncomfortable, remove yourself
from a dangerous situation. Better safe than sorry.
Third, don't panic. Although the dangers of
Dihydrogen Monoxide are very real,
by exercising caution and common sense, you can rest assured knowing that
you are doing everything possible to keep you and your family safe.
How can I find out more about Dihydrogen Monoxide?
We would be happy to tell you more about DHMO!
and we'll gladly attempt to
keep you up-to-date on current developments
in the study of Dihydrogen Monoxide, its uses and misuses.
There are a number of sites on the world wide web that contain more
information on DHMO and related topics.
It should be noted that we do not endorse these sites,
nor do we control their content or political bias.
Links to related information
DHMO web sites
Monoxide Coalition (out of business)